^{1} ^{2}

A circle is a line without ends, and a square hath^{3} four equal sides, not one longer or shorter than another. To square the circle is to make the square figure^{4} to be equal with the round figure. Honesty is the^{5} circle without ends, that is,^{6} by-respects, for an honest man is honest^{7} for honesty’s sake. But^{8} to square this circle is^{9} very difficult, for it is hard^{10} for Honesty to take part with four sides without Faction. For where there is siding there is^{11} Faction; and where Faction is,^{12} there is Partiality; and where Partiality is, there is Injustice; and where Injustice is, there is Wrong;^{13} and where Wrong is, Truth is not; and where Truth is not, Honesty cares not to live.

But let us see how we can square this circle of Honesty. First, draw four lines: Prudence, Temperance, Fortitude, and Justice. These four lines, let them be cross parallels,^{14} to make a square,^{15} and at each end of every line make a point. At^{16} the line of Justice, a point of Severity at one end and another of Facility at the other end. And at either^{17} end of Fortitude, one of Rashness and another of Timorosity. And at each^{18} end of Temperance, Prodigality and Covetousness. At each end of Prudence, Sloth and Stupidity. Then draw out these points and make them angles: as Severity and Timorosity make one^{19} angle, Rashness and Stupidity another. Sloth and Prodigality make a third angle;^{20} Facility and Covetousness make the fourth.^{21}

Then exactly in the midst of either line, set on^{22} either^{23} side of the line a figure: as Distributive on the outside of the line of Justice, and Communicative within the line. So on the line^{24} of Fortitude, Despair on the outside and Love within. On Prudence line, Experience on the outside^{25} and Industry within. On Temperance^{26} line, Observation on the outside and Ease within.

Then draw a line of Charity^{27} from the point Distribution, and from the point of Observation^{28} a Line of Discretion, and make an angle of^{29} Hope. Then from Community^{30} a line of Clemency,^{31} and from the point of Ease^{32} a line of Comfort, which make an angle of Peace. Then from Despair a line of Hope, and from Industry a line of Fruition, which make an angle of Tranquility. Then from the point of Love a line of Faith, and from the point of Ease a Line of Pleasure; this makes an angle of Joy. Then set a point at every angle,* viz.*,^{33} Obedience, Humility, Respect, and Reverence. And thus the square measured with truth will^{34} be equal with the circle of Honesty.

- In 1653 this poem is called “A Same Circle Squared in Prose.”
- A marginal note in Cavendish’s 1653 text reads: “Because my lines are too long for my rhymes, therefore I put them in prose.” This note is not in 1664 or 1668.
- hath] is 1653
- the square figure] the Line of the
*Square Figure*1653 - the] a 1664, 1668
- that is,] or 1653
- for an honest man is honest] but is honest 1653
- But] Now 1664, 1668
- is] it is 1653
- for it is hard] and hard it is 1653
- there is] there’s 1653
- Faction is,]
*Factions*are, 1653 - there is Wrong;]
*Wrong*, 1653 - cross parallels,]
*Parallels*1664, 1668 - to make a square,] that they may be
*Longitudes*, and*Latitudes*to each other, 1653 - At] As at 1653
- either] each 1664, 1668
- each] the 1653
- one] an 1664, 1668
- make a third angle;] the third 1664, 1668
- make the fourth.] the fourth. 1664, 1668
- on] of 1653
- either] each 1664, 1668
- line] side 1653
- On Prudence line, Experience on the outside] On the outside of
*Prudence*Line*Experience*, 1664; On the outside of*Prudence*-Line, Experience; 1668 - Temperance]
*Temperance*’s 1664, 1668 - Charity]
*Clemency*1664, 1668 - from the point Distribution, and from the point of Observation] from
*Distributive*, and from*Observation*1664; from*Distributive*; and from*Observation*1668 - of] with 1653
- Community]
*Commutative*1664, 1668 - Clemency,]
*Charity*, 1664, 1668 - the point of Ease]
*Ease*1664, 1668 *viz*.,] as 1653, 1664- will] the
*Line*will 1653