Bibliographic Sources: General Reference


  • Cheney, Christopher R. A Handbook of Dates for Students of British History. Michael Jones, rev. Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks 4. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2000.
  • Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1960.
  • Fleming, John, Hugh Honour and Nikolaus Pevsner. Penguin Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. Originally pub as The Penguin Dictionary of Architecture, 1966. London: Penguin Books, 1999.
  • Gazetteer of Great Britain. 1987. Southampton, London: Ordnance Survey & Macmillan Reference, 1999.
  • Withycombe, E.G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1979.


  • Ekwall, Eilert. The Place-Names of Lancashire. Publications of the University of Manchester English, ser 11; Chetham Society, ns 81. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1922.


  • Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance. 09/24/2007 (


  • Richards, Melville. Welsh Administrative and Territorial Units, Medieval and Modern. Cardiff: U of Wales P, 1969.