Anderson, John Henry(1814--1874)

Biographical Overview

Birth Date: ca. 1814-07-14 (The Mearns, Scotland)
Death Date: 1874-02-03 (Darlington, England)


Troupe(s): Performed solo and with his family (Mme. Anderson, Louisa, Flora, Eliza, Ada and J. H. Anderson Junior).

Roles: Illusionist, Rob Roy (performed in Toronto on May 2, 1862).

Acts: “The Magic Bottle,” “The Living Water,” “Spirit Rappings,” “The Magic Laundry,” “Ladies’ casket,” “The Crystal Palace,” “The Great Chapeau Feat,” “The Magic Scrap Book, ” “Electricity,” “Mesmerism,” “The Key of Eblis,” the “Great Zouave Trick,” and many more.

Info: John Henry Anderson, known as The Great Wizard of the North, was one of the most famous apparatus conjurors of the nineteenth century. He joined a traveling circus and then a theatre company with which he toured the smaller towns of Scotland as a young boy. Shortly thereafter, he witnessed a magic show (most likely a performance by Ingleby Lunar) and decided to become a professional magician. Though he spent most of his career performing in Europe, he also enjoyed great success in Canada and the United States during three separate tours (beginning in 1850, 1860 and 1865 respectively).

Anderson, as suggested by the primary records of his performances in the Ontario region, was a master of publicity, mise-en-scène and presentation. Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin and Carl Herrmann, were far better sleight-of-hand artists than their Scottish competitor, but Anderson owned beautiful, elaborate apparatus, was a shrewd marketer and presented himself well as an exotic performer. Part of his appeal for European and North American audiences came from his cultural identity. In his illusion, "The Magic Scrap Book," the Wizard of the North produced an impossible number of large objects and concluded the routine with the magical appearance of his son in full Highland costume. In addition to such references to his Scottish heritage, Anderson frequently ended a run of his magic shows by performing the part of Rob Roy in local theatre productions. His wife, four daughters and two sons all, at one time or another, were involved in magic acts, both before and after, their father's performance days, which ended with his death in Darlington, England in 1874.

Please see the 'Bibliographic Sources' link at right for a complete listing of materials (both primary and secondary) from which the above information was compiled.

Joe Culpepper

Events Naming Person

Event Date Venues Performers/Companies
Magic Show 1861-1861 Hamilton Wentworth Anderson, the Great Wizard of the North
Magic Show 1861-1861 St. Lawrence Hall , Anderson, the Great Wizard of the North
Magic Show 1862-1862 Music Hall, Mechanics' Institute, Anderson, the Great Wizard of the North
Magic Show 1862-1862 Music Hall, Mechanics' Institute, Anderson, the Great Wizard of the North
Dramatic 1862-1862 Royal Lyceum Theatre, Anderson, the Great Wizard of the North

Performer/Company Affiliation

Troupe Name Troupe Type # of events
Anderson, the Great Wizard of the North Magician 5